THE TENETS OF TAEKWONDO
Courtesy(to be kind) - (Ye Ul)
Integrity (to be honest) - (Yom Chi)
Perseverance (nevergive up) - (In Nae)
Self-Control (control the body with the mind) - (Guk Gi)
Indomitable Spirit(Incapable of being overcome or subdued) - (Baekjul Boolgool)
THE STUDENT OATH
as it's recited before every class:
I shall observe the tenets of Taekwondo.
I shall respect my instructors and seniors.
I shall never misuse Taekwondo.
I will be a champion of freedom and justice.
I will build a more peaceful world.
I shall achieve the rank of Black belt.
Counting in Korean
- One - Hana "Ha-na"
- Two - Dul "Dhool"
- Three - Set "Set"
- Four - Net "Net"
- Five - Dasot "Da-sut"
- Six - Yasot "Yo-sut"
- Seven - Ilgup "Eel-gope"
- Eight - Yodol "Yo-dull"
- Nine - Ahop "Ah-hope"
- Ten - Yeol "Yull"
- For 11 through 19, add the Korean word for 10 in front of the last number. Therefore, twelve is "Yull Dhool" which the Korean words for 10 "Yull" and 2 "Dhool". Fifteen is 10 + 5 or "Yull Da-sut" and eighteen is 10 + 8 or "Yull Yo-dull".
- Twenty - Seu-Mool
Important Taekwondo Korean Words or Commands
- Yell - Kihap "Kee-yah-p"
- Thank you - Kamsa Hamnae Da "Kamsa-ham-ni-da"
- Master - Sabomnim "Sah-bum-nim"
- Return (as in turn & face the Master at the end of your form) - "Ba-ro"
- Bow - Kyungnet
- Attention - Charyut "Chari-yut"
- Punch - Chirugi
- Kick - Chagi "Cha-gee"
- Uniform - Dobok
- Taekwondo School - Dojang
- Ready Stance - Joon bi
Korean Names for Taekwondo Kicks
- Front Kick - Ap-Chagi "Ap-cha-gee"
- Side Kick - Yeop-Chagi "Yup-cha-gee"
- Roundhouse Kick - Dollyo-Chagi "Dole-ya-cha-gee"
- Back Kick - Dwi-Chagi "D-we-cha-gee"
- Spinning Hook Kick - Dwi Huryo Chagi
- Push Kick - Meereo Chagi
- Axe Kick - Naeryeo Chagi
- Crescent Kick - Bandal Chagi
Belt Color Symbolism
1.) White Belt (10th Kup) - White signifies the innocence of the beginner and his ignorance of Taekwondo.
2.) White Belt with Yellow Stripe (9th Kup)
3.) Yellow Belt (8th Kup) - Yellow represents the earth, from where a plant takes root and sprouts as the foundations of Taekwondo are laid.
4.) Yellow Bel twithGreen Stripe (7th Kup)
5.) Green Belt (6th Kup) - Green signifies the plant itself as, like a plant, the student's Taekwondo skills continue to grow.
6.) Green Belt with Blue Stripe (5th Kup)
7.) Blue Belt (4th Kup) - Blue represents the heavens above, the divine direction in which the plant is growing.
8.) Blue Belt with Red Stripe (3rd Kup)
9.) Red Belt (2nd Kup) - Red signifies danger, warning the student of his own capability for damage and other students of his skill.
10.) Red Belt with Black Stripe (1st Kup)
Black Belt (1st Dan) he is considered to be a senior. Black is the opposite of white and therefore signifies the student's maturity and skill. It also signifies his mastery over darkness - that he is no longer afraid of evil or fear itself. From here on in the belts no longer change color.
HISTORY OF THE KOREAN FLAG